*UPDATE* I've recently read a fantastic article on natural breastfeeding positions that I urge you to read. Also, this article on baby led latching is fantastic. Finally, if you are having latch issues, it is always wise to check for lip/tongue tie, Mommypottamus has a fantastic article on this.
I’ve noticed a number of moms start panicking when their baby starts frantically and constantly nursing. They think they are losing supply, but in reality, it’s often a growth spurt. See this article for more information on growth spurts. In fact, early on, you can pretty much expect to spend the majority of your waking time breastfeeding inefficiently. Until baby hits about 46 weeks gestational age (that is your due date + 6 weeks) baby really doesn't quite get the eating thing as well as we'd like. So they tend to be inefficient, frequent nursers. The world is big and scary, nursing is comfy and safe... all in all, it is what they want to do, and they do it A LOT... and that's really, REALLY OK. Trust your baby, trust your body... listen to their cues and respond as best you can. Seriously though, sleep when the baby sleeps... I know it is hard... but hallucinations aren't fun either... Even after those first 6 weeks, there are growth spurts and wonder weeks and days where baby just wants their mom more than you've ever been wanted before... trust your baby and trust your body. Don't reach for the formula or freezer stash, unless there is a verified medical reason you need to.
There are also foods and herbs that can help your supply. First, eat oatmeal at least once a day. Oatmeal somehow magically increases the amount I pump by about an ounce to two ounces per pumping session. I eat steel cut oats, you can cook them overnight in the crock pot and they aren't as mushy as rolled oats. My recipe for steel cut oats is 1 cup oats to 4 cups liquid. I use 1 can of evaporated milk and the balance of the liquid is water. I put that mixture in a Programmable Slow Cooker, and cook it overnight for 6.5 hours. I've linked to my Programmable Slow Cooker on Amazon. I love it dearly; it even shuts off the warming mode automatically which is a great safety feature. Before serving I add sweetener, fruit, milk and ground flax seed.
In addition to oats, brewer's yeast has shown great promise for increasing milk supply. You can make lactation cookies and eat several per day. That's right, cookies are now a must (YAY!) Note, only brewer's yeast will do. You can get it at whole foods or other natural food stores or online at Amazon . Here is a Lactation Cookie Recipe
From there, you start branching into herbs. I've had great success with Motherlove: More Milk Plus Vegetarian Capsules, 120 Caps I recently contacted them for tips on making their products more effective and for advice on who should use which of their products. Here's what they had to say:
It is important to take according to label directions, avoiding liquids 15 minutes before and after each dose, and take each dose with no more than 1-2 oz of liquid. Having more liquid than specified may dilute the herbs in your system. Do not use orange or apple juices at dose time, as these can interfere with absorption.For a complete article on galactagogues (the edible things that can increase milk supply) check out kellymom again.
The sweetener Splenda, as well as teas, foods and breath fresheners containing peppermint, can interfere with the effectiveness of our milk boosters.
If you have PCOS (a hormonal imbalance), had breast surgeries, or if you did not increase in cup size during pregnancy, More Milk Special Blend should be used; it is available in liquid encapsulated vegetarian capsules, alcohol-base and alcohol-free base (contains glycerin, which gives a sweeter taste). The goat's rue in these blends develops mammary tissue, which is needed by women with these special situations. These herbs are strong tasting, so if you have a sensitive palate, please select the capsule or the alcohol-free form.
Next, regarding clogged ducts. I found that Lecithin really helped me prevent clogged ducts. I had one about once a week prior to taking Lecithin and one in the 3 months since I started taking it. As a bonus Lecithin contains Choline which is supposed to be really good for baby brain development. See this article on Dr. Sear’s website regarding blocked ducts. It gives dosing information for Lecithin at the bottom of the article and see this article for choline and brain development.
Finally I would like to talk about pumping. Pumping can help you increase supply and maintain supply when you are away from your baby. If your child can’t or won’t take the breast 8-12 times per day, you can make up the difference with pumping. Most women do not respond as well to the pump as they do to their baby. My baby can breast feed about 3 ounces in 35 minutes in his sleep. To pump the same amount per breast (double pumping with a Pump In Style Advanced) I pump for an hour to an hour and a half. Also note that when I pump I have not breast fed. My son is on fortified formula and only allowed to breast feed directly 2x per day. The rest of the time I pump and he bottle feeds. Most women do not need to pump as long as I do. I am an extreme case of poor response to the pump. But I’m also stubborn, so I continue to pump because I refuse to entertain any other option; this is most likely a character flaw.
Effective pumping is all about technique. I strongly advise a hands free pumping system of some type. Either the rubber band trick a sports bra with holes cut in the middle, a bra conversion or something like the Simple Wishes Hands Free Breastpump Bra I personally find the Simple Wishes Hands Free Breastpump Bra the most comfortable and supportive, I have
There are lots of visualization techniques you can apply such as imagining waterfalls, rain, running water, etc. to stimulate letdown. Looking at pictures of your baby or watching videos of your baby also helps. I've also listened to youtube videos of crying babies in a pinch. Anything to get your mind matched up with what you are trying to do with the pump.
Also, hand expressing after each pumping session gets some women as much as an extra ounce per breast. In the first 6 days you can dramatically increase your supply by hand expressing at least 6 times per day. There is a great video on that at Stanford as well. Their studies showed a 45% increase in supply for moms who hand expressed and exclusively breast fed. As well as an 85% increase for moms whose babies were in the NICU. Overall, I’ve found hand expression to be a useful endeavor after most if not all pumping sessions.
Speaking of pumping, milk supply is determined hormonally for the first 3 months after your baby is born. During that time it is really important that your breasts are stimulated regularly. If you exclusively pump at that point like I did, you must include at least one pump between 1 and 5 am. Prolactin (the hormone that regulates milk production) levels are highest during the overnight hours. If you are exclusively breast feeding, be sure that your baby is nursing 8-12 times per day. The more the better. If your baby only nurses 8x per day, try to throw a couple of pumps in as well. After the first 3 months/12 weeks, your milk supply moves to supply and demand based production. At this point your body begins to anticipate when milk will be needed and generate it accordingly. If your baby generally eats at 4am, you will have more milk at 4am. But if your baby generally waits until 7, as a rule, so will your milk production.
For supply issues you can also consider power pumping. When you power pump, you pump for 10 minutes and rest for 10 minutes for at least an hour. My Lactation Consultant from the hospital suggested dangling your breasts and lightly tapping them during the 10 minute rest period. When you have the time and the need you can also take a nursing vacation. Crawl into bed with your baby and spend a weekend snuggling skin to skin. Breastfeed or pump as often as you possibly can.
Another great resource for breastfeeding moms is the Newman Breastfeeding Clinic and Institute. Their videos show great examples of productive feeding as well as alternate feeding solutions for babies who aren't getting enough milk by mouth.
As for pumping and working, it is absolutely your right and your choice to switch to formula. But you don't have to go 100% in either direction. Any breast milk is better than none. Also, remember that when you are with your baby and exclusively breast feeding, you are supplying 100% of your baby's caloric needs. When you are at work and your baby is being bottle fed, you are able to pump the amounts your child would usually eat. So how much milk you are getting before you go back to work and the amount you can pump while at work are two different things. You won't be able to judge the latter until you are away from your baby and pumping. Any supplementation with formula when you could be breastfeeding can decrease supply. The caveat I place on that is if you supplement and then pump for that session, overall you should still get stimulation that will help increase supply, it is probably not the same quality as the stimulation your baby would give you but it is a good compromise if you feel you absolutely must supplement with formula. That was my solution while my son was being supplemented by feeding tube in the NICU.
If you are pumping breast milk, pay attention to the storage rules and remember that breast milk is most potent from the breast, then directly after its been expressed, next when it is at room temperature, then refrigerated and finally frozen. As your breast milk sits expressed the fat will start to separate and collect at the top of the bottle.
Resist the urge to shake the bottle to mix the fat back in. Shaking the breast milk damages some of its properties similar to the way freezing affects it. The long chain fatty acids break down and some of the living elements are destroyed. Frozen or shaken breast milk is still far superior to formula, so don’t panic if you’ve shaken your milk in the past or if you are giving frozen milk to your baby.
Finally, if you are bottle feeding your baby, whether he breast feeds or not, I highly recommend paced bottle feeding or baby led bottle feeding. Babies tend to take 25% more food in by bottle vs breast. They understand feeling full better when breastfed or fed using the paced bottle feeding technique.
One other benefit of breastfeeding (and to some extent paced bottle feeding) is actually intellectual stimulation. A breastfed baby is constantly evaluating their situation and making adjustments. They learn to think critically and problem solve as they address the fast flow of letdown and the slower flow that comes after. They strategize ways to slow milk delivery down or speed it up. It is a fantastic developmental practice.
Recap of useful sites:
By far, the most useful site I’ve found is kellymom http://www.kellymom.com/
I’ve also had great experience with the videos at the Newman Breastfeeding Clinic and Institute http://nbci.ca/ and the Stanford breastfeeding website: http://med.stanford.edu/newborns/professional-education/breastfeeding.html
BabyCenter Breastfeeding support http://community.babycenter.com
Exclusive Pumping Support
The exclusive pumpers at BabyCenter http://community.babycenter.com/groups/a4592405/the_exclusive_pumpers
EPers at Yahoo http://groups.yahoo.com/group/EPers/ You can also find a number of excellent Exclusive Pumping Groups on Facebook.
I had to EP for my son for 5 months and my daughter for 4 months before I was able to begin transitioning to breastfeeding. I only tracked the time an totals while exclusively pumping so I could monitor my supply. Once I started breastfeeding, I didn't monitor that way, even if I pumped at work.. so these numbers are only for Exclusive Pumping...
As of April of 2015, I pumped 1,452 sessions for a total time of 64 days, 22 hrs, 49 minutes. I pumped 144,613 ml (74,445 left an 70,158 right) which is 37 gallons.
In the end, I stopped breastfeeding my son at 2 years, 8 months (term cardiac kid). My daughter is a 25 weeker, now 6 months.
Other posts in this series include:
- Initiating Milk Supply With A Pump
- Transitioning from Pumping to Breastfeeding
- Pumping to feed baby when you need to be away